- LIPID PROFILE TESTS PARAMETERS/RATIO LIST
- TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
- HDL CHOLESTEROL – DIRECT
- HDL / LDL RATIO
- LDL CHOLESTEROL – DIRECT
- LDL / HDL RATIO
- NON-HDL CHOLESTEROL
- TC/ HDL CHOLESTEROL RATIO
- TRIG / HDL RATIO
- VLDL CHOLESTEROL
What Is a Thyrocare Lipid Profile?
A lipid profile is a bundle of tests used to measure the amount of cholesterol and different kinds of fats present in your blood. This test is useful in evaluating the danger of coronary artery disease.
In other words we can say that Lipids are the fats and greasy substances stored in blood & tissues and are utilised by the body as an energy source. While lipid levels help keep the body working correctly, lipid issues, like increased cholesterol, may lead to severe conditions like heart assaults, strokes, or coronary vein sickness.
There are two essential types of lipids present in our bodies. These are Cholesterol and Triglycerides.
All these lipids are transported in the blood with the help of lipoproteins. This lipoprotein combines several molecules like protein, triglyceride, cholesterol and phospholipid. The lipid panel will classify all the lipoprotein levels as high density, low density and very low density.
A CVD (Cardiovascular disease) is a generalised term to represent several disorders related to the heart. These disorders can affect the heart and blood vessels. Some persistent cardiovascular diseases can result in several risky problems over a long period. This can increase the chances of a sudden stroke or heart attack because of the blockage of a blood vessel. An individual with a high HDL cholesterol level is prone to risk side of cardiovascular disease.
Why Cholesterol Testing Is So Important, And When Should I Get A Lipid Profile Test Done?
The lipid profile test is required to check for Dyslipidemia indications; it is also done to check grown-ups and youngsters who are risk-prone to high blood cholesterol and triglycerides. This happens because of the advancement of diabetes, hypertension or a heart disorder. These tests are also directed to evaluate the treatment-experienced and diet control program. The doctor may request a lipid profile as a regular part of a health test.
The outcomes from this test may be utilised to prevent, screen, or analyse different medical ailments. It might also be performed to assess the success of different medications, the adequacy of medication treatments, or lipid-lowering lifestyle changes. One of the real hazard factors for various diseases and medical conditions is an abnormal state of low-thickness lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
That’s why it is advised that all adults, even with no risk factors of heart disease, should get tested once every one to two years.
- Apart From This, Other Hazard Factors Incorporate:
- Age of the person (male of 45 years and older or female of 50 years and above).
- Cigarette Smoking
- Being Overweight
- Diabetes or pre-diabetes
- Had a heart attack earlier or either had a heart-related problem.
- Hypertension (Taking regular medication to treat high blood pressure or the blood pressure value is above 140/90).
- Physically inactive (Not doing the required amount of exercise to burn the extra fats).
- A family history of heart disorder (first-degree from a female under 65 or a first-degree from a male relative under 55).
- Unhealthy diet.
Cholesterol levels are estimated in milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dL) of blood. The lipid profile typical values are as per the following:
|Test Name||Technology||Units||Normal Range|
|TOTAL CHOLESTEROL||PHOTOMETRY||mg/dl||< 200|
|HDL CHOLESTEROL DIRECT||PHOTOMETRY||mg/dl||40-60|
|LDL CHOLESTEROL DIRECT||PHOTOMETRY||mg/dl||< 100|
|TC/ HDL CHOLESTEROL RATIO||CALCULATED||Ratio||3 – 5|
|TRIG/HDL RATIO||CALCULATED||Ratio||< 3.12|
|HDL/LDL RATIO||CALCULATED||Ratio||> 0.40|
|NON-HDL CHOLESTEROL||CALCULATED||mg/dl||< 160|
|VLDL CHOLESTEROL||CALCULATED||mg/dl||5 – 40|